What is Triage?

Triage is the prioritization of patient care based on illness/injury, severity, prognosis, and resource availability.

Purpose of Triage.

The purpose of triage is to identify patients needing immediate resuscitation; to assign patients to a predesignated patient care area, thereby prioritizing their care; and to initiate diagnostic/therapeutic measures as appropriate.

Categories of Triage.

Physiological triage tools identify patients into the following categories:

  1.  Those needing immediate lifesaving interventions.
  2.  Those who need significant intervention that can be delayed.
  3.  Those needing little or no treatment.
  4.  Those who are so severely ill or injured that survival is unlikely.